Think you can do it?
Here are the directions, as stated in the LSAT Analytical Reasoning Test: This group of questions is based on a brief premise and a set of rules. In answering the questions, you might find it helpful to draw rough diagrams. For each question, select the best answer from the five lettered choices.
1. Successfully adjusting to one’s environment leads to happiness. War at a universal level war destroys the weaker people, who are the most unable to adjust to their environment. Thus, war at the universal level puts weaklings out of their misery and allows more space for their predators to enjoy life in a better manner. As those actions have to be performed, which maximize the level of happiness of the greatest number, war at a universal level should take place. What response would the author of the above discussion come up with, in the case of the objection that the weaklings far exceed strong people? I. He would respond with the statement that the person making the objection is a weakling. II. He would respond by saying that weaklings will be miserable no matter what happens. III. He would respond with the statement that the strong would be frustrated if the weaklings are destroyed.
a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) I and II only
e) II and III only
2. It is popularly believed that teachers are more or less indifferent about the microcomputer technology. This assumption is false, or at least dated. A survey recently conducted indicated that 80 percent of the 7,000 surveyed teachers revealed a high level of interest in microcomputers. Among the following statements which would most damage the above argument if proved to be true?
a) There was no attempt made in the survey to ascertain whether the surveyed teachers had any previous exposure to microcomputers.
b) Teachers interested in microcomputer technology were more likely to complete and return the questionnaires than others.
c) Irrespective of their subject area, their expertise and their teaching experience questionnaires were received by the teachers.
d) After the survey results were tabulated there have been many developments in the applications of microcomputer technology.
e) A company manufacturing and selling microcomputers conducted the survey.
3. Quite often it happens that a particular crisis or opportunity induces people to find a practical use for things, which originally had no serious purpose. To exemplify this principle, consider dolls and mannequins, programmed to move and built for the delight of the wealthy in the eighteenth century; these were the forerunners of the modern computer. Similarly, it is almost certain that pets were the first domesticated animals. Domestication of animals seems to have arisen as an amusement long before it had any practical application. Which among the following, provides another example supporting the above mentioned principle, if true?
a) America was discovered as a by-product of the search for ginger, cloves, pepper, and cinnamon.
b) Children often imitate adults in their games.
c) Till the commercial and scientific potential of the spyglass was recognized and its power of magnification was improved it remained a mere source of diversion.
d) Some culture horses were used only for pleasure and not for work, even though in those cultures people had to labor hard in the absence of laboring animals.
e) People who made moving dolls and mannequins in the eighteenth century were also clockmakers.
4. An increasing number of people prefer to retain their own individuality and their own identity and consequently this has lead to a decline in the marriage rate. Which among the following assumptions are used in the above premises? I. When a person is married, he or she loses his or her own identity and is no longer accountable to himself or herself. II. Married persons do not find contentment as opposed to unmarried people. III. There has been a steady increase in the divorce rate.
a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) I and II only
e) II and III only
5. A survey recently conducted revealed that marriage is fattening. The survey found that on an average, women gained 23 pounds and men gained 18 pounds during 13 years of marriage. The answer to which among the following questions would be the most appropriate in evaluating the reasoning presented in the survey ?
a) Why is the time period of the survey 13 years, rather than 12 or 14 ?
b) Did any of the men surveyed gain less than 18 pounds during the period they were married ?
c) How much weight is gained or lost in 13 years by a single people of comparable age to those studied in the survey ?
d) When the survey was conducted were the women as active as the men?
e) Will the gains seen in the study be retained over the lifetimes of the surveyed persons?
6. Experts in the field of forestry are now questioning the policy of attempting to extinguish all forest fires instead of allowing them to run their course and die out on their own. The study of forest fires indicates that in the long run, forest fires may in fact, be beneficial to the ecology as a whole. Among the following, which statement would logically follow from one of the observations referred to in the passage above ?
a) Most of the forest fires are causes due to natural reasons like lightning rather than as a result of human carelessness.
b) Every year the number of people dying as they attempt to fight forest fires is greater than the number of people who would have died or suffered injury if the fires were allowed to run their own course.
c) Accumulation of highly flammable dead brushwood and timber, which could lead to massive uncontrollable fires is prevented by frequent small forest fires.
d) The animal and plant life destroyed by forest fires seldom represents endangered species.
e) Studies indicate that forest fires regularly occurred in the times prior to human occupation of forest areas.
7. A bus has exactly six stops on its route. The bus first stops at stop one and then at stops two, three, four, five, and six respectively. After the bus leaves stop six, the bus turns and returns to stop one and repeats the cycle. The stops are at six building that are, in alphabetical order L, M, N, O, P, and Q. P is the third stop. M is the sixth stop. The stop O is the stop immediately before Q. N is the stop immediately before L. In case N is the fourth stop, which among the following must be the stop immediately before P ?
8. Three men (Tom, Peter and Jack) and three women (Eliza, Anne and Karen) are spending a few months at a hillside. They are to stay in a row of nine cottages, each one living in his or her own cottage. There are no others staying in the same row of houses. 1. Anne, Tom and Jack do not want to stay in any cottage, which is at the end of the row. 2. Eliza and Anne are unwilling to stay besides any occupied cottage. 3. Karen is next to Peter and Jack. 4. Between Anne and Jack’s cottage there is just one vacant house. 5. None of the girls occupy adjacent cottages. 6. The house occupied by Tom is next to an end cottage. How many of them occupy cottages next to a vacant cottage ?
9. Five educational films A, B, C, D, & E are to be shown to a group of students. The films are to be shown in a particular order, which conforms to the following conditions: A must be shown earlier than C. B must be shown earlier than D. E should be the fifth film shown. Which among the following is an acceptable order for showing the educational films ?
a) A, C, B, D, E
b) A, C, D, E, B
c) B, D, C, A, E
d) B, D, E, A, C
e) E, B, C, A, D
10. Emma: Financially the private university is ruined. In case it raises its tuition fees, the number of paying students will come down and if they refrain from raising the fees the university will go bankrupt. Richard: The pay of the teachers and professors could be cut. Richard responds to Emma’s argument by
a) drawing attention to an earlier overlooked alternative.
b) attacking her method of reasoning.
c) resigning himself to the demise of the private university.
d) attacking Emma on a personal level.
e) taking the side of the university as against that of the students.